The Taliban`s decision to end the three-day ceasefire during the time of Id-ul-Adha is a relief to Afghans who, despite a peace agreement between the insurgents and the United States, have experienced unwavering violence. This is the third official respite since the war began in 2001. In June 2018 and May of this year, the Taliban briefly ended hostilities at the end of the holy month of Ramzan. On both occasions, she refused to extend the ceasefire and returned to war as soon as the festivities were over. This time, however, there are high hopes that the ceasefire can be extended as Kabul and the insurgents prepare to begin the intra-Afghan talks promised in the U.S.-U.S. agreement. According to the pact, talks were scheduled to begin in March. However, the two sides could not reach an agreement on the prisoner exchange agreed by the United States with the Taliban. The insurgents lamented that the government was not complying with the terms of the agreement, while Ashraf Ghani administration officials deemed the Taliban`s claims unacceptable. Finally, President Ghani decided to release 5,000 Taliban prisoners, after which the Taliban announced a ceasefire. The two sides agreed to start the talks in Id, and could do so in a peaceful environment if the ceasefire was extended. A Taliban spokesman confirmed the agreement on Twitter.
„The Afghan government is coming to the table to reach a ceasefire. It is a wish that has the support of the Afghan political class and Washington and can help build trust and strengthen prospects for peace if the Taliban agree,“ Kugelman told the DW before the start of peace talks. However, the Taliban will not be in a hurry to accept a ceasefire because it has so much influence on violence. The issue of the ceasefire is a clear separation, which will be an early challenge in the intra-Afghanistan dialogue. After months of negotiations, the Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, the second national militant group after the Taliban, signed a peace agreement in Kabul with the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. It was the first peace treaty since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001. Government officials hailed the agreement as a step towards peace and perhaps also as an agreement with the Taliban.  However, others have expressed concern about alleged war crimes committed by controversial leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. The agreement included the United States to move it from a list of „global terrorists“ to the white list. Parts of Afghan society have protested the peace treaty because of its previous actions.
 The agreement comes after months of talks in Doha, the capital of Qatar, encouraged by the United States despite continued violence. The agreement between the United States and the Taliban does not define the form of government that will rule Afghanistan after the war.