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Stockholm Agreement On Yemen

The agreement on Hodeida is the main element of the Stockholm agreement and certainly the one that received the most attention from the UN Special Envoy (UNSE) and his team. Hodeida is the main port through which commodities arrive and reach the majority of the Yemeni population. Yemenis depend on imports for more than 90% of their wheat, 100% of other raw materials (rice, tea, sugar, etc.) and most fuels. The majority of the population is located in the northern highlands under Huthi control, therefore the importance of access via Hodeida port cannot be over emphasised. The first term was an „agreement on the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa,“[18] which, first and foremost, agreed to an „immediate cease-fire“ and then a „redeploy mutualment of forces“ in these areas. [19] While Yemen remains the world`s worst humanitarian crisis, the Stockholm Agreement has managed to avert a further deterioration that would have endangered hundreds of thousands of Yemeni lives. The Hudaydah agreement prevented a potentially catastrophic offensive on the city and ports. The ceasefire, which came into force on December 18, 2018, has contributed to a safer environment for civilians. An estimated 150,000 people who had left the city returned after the agreement came into force, with the ceasefire still largely in effect. We are determined to continue to cooperate with the parties through our good offices to implement the agreement and advance the political peace process.

In this regard, the Stockholm agreement helps the Yemeni government and Houthi fighters who have agreed to the conditions. Evidence that the parties to the agreement were motivated and influenced by human rights considerations, as well as the explicit recognition that the terms of the agreement are humanitarian in nature and were adopted in accordance with international human rights law, indicate recognition of human rights and humanitarian responsibility for indiscriminate attacks on the civilian population , access to humanitarian aid and abuses and torture during arbitrary and illegal detention. The most important thing is that it also creates a basis for victims to be held accountable for the violation of those obligations. Unfortunately, the city is a critical area of the Stockholm Agreement, which needs to put more emphasis on mediating agreements between the parties on de-escalation of hostilities and opening lasting humanitarian corridors to alleviate the suffering of Taz residents. The Chairman of the Redistribution Coordination Committee will report weekly to the Security Council, through the Secretary-General, on the parties` compliance with the terms of the Agreement. With regard to the agreement between detainees and prisoners, we have worked extensively with the parties, with the ICRC, and we have offered our technical and logistical support. That said, with international backing, a partial stop-gap solution for all or part of Hodeida city could still be achievable. For example, the parties could agree that both sides would implement the first phase of the redeployments already discussed – the three ports and the part of the city that are decent for human humanitarian access – to leave the second phase (concentrated on the rest of the city) for later. Implementation of the first phase does not require a comprehensive agreement on local security forces. But it involves an agreement on a tripartite monitoring mechanism involving the Houthis, the Yemeni government and the UN, as well as an agreement on the identity of local security forces in the first areas and a plan to manage port revenues. In early May, with a new Security Council meeting looming, Michael Anker Lollesgaard, president of the UN RCC and head of the UN observer mission in Hodeida, called on the Houthis to unilaterally redeploy their troops from the ports of Hodeida, Ras Issa and Salif as a sign of good faith.

[fn] Interview of the Crisis Group, UN official, New York, May 2019.

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